Although it is possible for one cause to lead to one effect, academic subjects are
rarely this simple. One cause can lead to more than one effect, for example heavy rain can
cause landslides and flooding. Also, more than one cause can lead to one or more effects,
for example, eating too much pizza and drinking too much coke for lunch can cause you to
get fat and be late for class!
(These cause-effect phrases are all followed by noun phrases; i.e. 'the heavy rain'.)
There was flooding because heavy rain fell all night.
('Because' is followed by a verb phrase, 'heavy rain fell all night'.)
Grammar Note: don't use 'Because' as the first word in a sentence:
it's bad style.
There are a number of alternatives. You can use:
- 'Due to...'; e.g. 'Due to the heavy rain there was flooding.'
- 'Owing to ...'; e.g. 'Owing to the heavy rain there was flooding.'
- 'As...'; e.g. 'As there was heavy rain, there was flooding.'
Grammar Note: use 'will' with adverbs that show a high probability,
such as 'undoubtedly', 'definitely' and 'probably'. For other adverbs, which show a
smaller possibility, use 'may', 'could' or 'might'; e.g. The rain could, perhaps, cause
flooding.' or 'The rain may possibly cause flooding'.
Also, the position of the adverb is usually just in front of the verb for adverbs of
possibility and probability. This is because the adverb gives more information about the
verb. This is different from adverbs like 'Unfortunately', which give information about
the whole sentence; e.g. 'Unfortunately, the heavy rain caused flooding.'
Don't write 'are lacking of ...' as a cause or effect. Use 'there is a lack of ...'
OR 'they are lacking in ...' For more information on how to use 'lack (of)' correctly, see 'Lack' or 'Lack of'? - an explanation and an