You will often need to use purpose, reason and result clauses in your written
and spoken work at university. This
provides you with reference and
practice material on these three types of adverbial clause.
In your written and spoken assignments you will often need to answer the
question ‘Why?’. When you want to explain why something happens, you can use a
reason clause introduced by the conjunctions because, as or since.
As she wanted to practise her spoken English, Carrie regularly took
part in the ELC’s Big Mouth Corner.
Mark joined the English Drama Club because he wanted to improve his
Don’t use so in sentences beginning with since, as or
because. Here is a common mistake:
Since he was interested in movies, so David joined the PolyU
International Film Society.
You can also use the prepositional phrases because of and on
account of to express reason.
We were unable to carry out the experiment on account of a
malfunction in the computer.
We were unable to carry out the experiment because the computer
As you will see in the Vocabulary section below, there are many other ways of
indicating reason and cause in English.