• Fine
  • Barrister
  • Judge
  • Murder
  • Crime
  • Imprisonment
  • Rape
  • Assault
  • Jury
  • Death
  • Homicide
  • Genocide
  • Boiling
  • Fine
  • Mild
  • Cold
  • Warm
  • Scorching
  • Freezing
  • Cool
  • Hot
  • Newspaper
  • Media
  • Article
  • Column
  • Editorial
  • Feature
  • Magazine
  • Advertisement
  • Advertising agent
  • Ad.
  • Advert
  • Advertise
  • Revise
  • Review
  • Retreat
  • Return
  • Unsuccessful
  • Import
  • Export
  • Increase
  • Decrease
  • Indecisive
  • Successful-Unsuccessful
  • Rich/Wealthy-Poor
  • Import-Export
  • Lucrative/Profitable
  • Easy-going/ Laid-back
  • Increase-Decrease
  • Hard-working/Industrious
  • Lazy/Idle
  • Well-off – Badly-off
  • Flexible/Relaxed
  • Ambitious
  • Strong-willed
  • Decisive
  • Confident
  • Assertive
  • Cool
  • Easy-going
  • Laid-back
  • Hard working
  • Industrious
  • Competitive
  • Flexible
  • Relaxed
  • Warm
  • Aggressive
  • Stubborn
  • Indecisive
  • Lazy
  • Idle
  • Pretty
  • Beautiful
  • Good looking
  • Handsome
  • Sexy
Crime Climate Media
                                                          Advertising Prefixes Synonyms and Antonyms
                                                                                                            Personality - positive Personality - negative Appearance


                                                                                                                                                            Grouping strategies

                                                                                                                                                            There are a variety of ways in which we can group words together. If we take Activity 1 one step further, we can see how vocabulary can be grouped and recorded in different ways.


                                                                                                                                                            Activity 2

                                                                                                                                                            Read through the list of recording strategies and


                                                                                                                                                            Mind maps – this is an effective method for recording new vocabulary as it is visual. However, some people prefer to use columns with headings and sub-headings or tables.



                                                                                                                                                            Definitions and Translations – this is an obvious and common method for recording new words and expressions but, be careful as there are frequently words in English that do not have an exact match in a foreign language and vice versa.


                                                                                                                                                            Example sentences – this is, again, a very common method for showing an item of vocabulary in context.


                                                                                                                                                            Synonyms / Antonyms / Similar meaning – these can easily be recorded in a structured table or a more flexible diagrammatic form.


                                                                                                                                                            Word Synonym Similar or Related Word Antonym Similar or Related Word
                                                                                                                                                            rich wealthy well-off poor badly-off


                                                                                                                                                            Clines – this is another visual recording strategy whereby words are placed on a scale.



                                                                                                                                                            Word families – recording words as families is another effective method. This can also be combined with example sentences to show how the words can be used in context. You can also  label the wrds with their part of speech.


                                                                                                                                                                                                           ad                           (abbreviated noun)
                                                                                                                                                                                                           advert                     (short form noun)
                                                                                                                                                                                                           advertisement         (noun)
                                                                                                                                                                                                           advertise                 (verb)
                                                                                                                                                                                                           advertising agent    (adj / compound noun)


                                                                                                                                                             Pronunciation and Word stress – when recording new words and word families, it is often useful to annotate the word stress to help with pronunciation.


                                                                                                                                                                                                            X    x

                                                                                                                                                                                                            x    X    x    x

                                                                                                                                                            Prefixes / Suffixes – words can also be recorded according to prefixes and suffixes.


                                                                                                                                                            Prefix ‘re’ meaning ‘again’ or ‘once more’              Suffix ‘cide’ meaning ‘kill’ or ‘to cause death’
                                                                                                                                                                                        retreat                                                   homicide
                                                                                                                                                                                        review                                                   suicide
                                                                                                                                                                                        return                                                    genocide


                                                                                                                                                            Collocation tables - one of the most difficult areas to master in English is collocations. This is defined as a sequence or pattern of words or terms which are frequently used together. For example, we usually say that we are ‘under pressure’ as opposed to beneath or below pressure. This is a collocation. Collocations can be recorded using tables which identify which patterns work and which do not.


                                                                                                                                                            Phrasal verbs & Prepositional combinations – as students often have problems with prepositions, tables can also be used to clarify prepositional combinations.



                                                                                                                                                            Pictures – sometimes it is easier to draw a picture to represent a word than to write a complicated definition. For example, how would you write a definition of the word ‘circle’ or ‘maple leaf’?
                                                                                                                                                               maple leaf


                                                                                                                                                            Connotation – as we have already discovered, it is a good idea to record whether a word has a positive or negative connotation. Do these words have a positive or a negative connotation?

                                                                                                                                                                                                    strong-willed                            stubborn

                                                                                                                                                            Formality tables

                                                                                                                                                            More formal word

                                                                                                                                                            Less formal word

                                                                                                                                                            flexible / relaxed

                                                                                                                                                            easy-going / laid back


                                                                                                                                                            Word class – this is another way of recording words which have similar or overlapping meanings.