Refutation Exercise


When writing a persuasive essay, your argument will be much stronger if you identify an opposing argument (counter argument) and explain why that argument is less effective. Reveal the flaws of the counter argument. This is called refuting an argument, or refutation.

Some common mistakes when refuting include:
• Stating an opposing argument without saying why it is less effective.
• Being too general, like “…and that argument is less effective because it is wrong.”
• Refuting an argument other than the one you have stated in your essay.

Practice refuting these reasons: